Glossary of Export Terms

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Import/Export licensing

This export license exception authorizes individuals leaving the U.S. to take to any destination, as personal baggage accompanied or unaccompanied, personal effects (clothing, souvenirs, games), household effects (furniture, etc.), vehicles, and tools of trade (for use in the trade, occupation, employment, vocation, or hobby). Section 740.14 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
Commerce Control List
A section of the Commerce Department's Bureau of Export Administration's Export Administration Regulations that lists specific technologies and the countries to which those technologies may or may not be exported, along with any special restrictions or exceptions that may apply.
Something useful or valuable; an article of commerce, especially when delivered for shipment. In the context of export control, any piece of equipment, hardware, or other tangible physical property/material.
Person to whom something is consigned or shipped.
Lawyer appointed to advise and represent a client (individual or corporate) in legal matters.
Deemed Export
Any release of technology or source code to a foreign national. Such release is deemed to be an export to the home country or countries of the foreign national. Section 734.2.3b of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
Dual Use
When a commodity, technology, or software has both commercial and military or other strategic applications (e.g., nuclear). Such items are subject to export control by the Department of Commerce's Export Administration Regulations (EARs) based on criteria set forth in the Commerce Control List.
Export Administration Regulations
End Use
Actual purpose or application of commodity or technology.
End User
Final consignee or recipient of commodity or technology.
vt: To carry or send a commodity to some other country. n: A commodity conveyed from one country to another for purposes of trade.
Export Control Commodity Number
Commerce Department export control identification number.
Person that exports; originator or wholesaler of exported goods. In the context of export control, the person or organization that serves as the source of the exported equipment, technology, information, or software.
Foreign National
Anyone who is not a U.S. National or is a Stateless person. This person could be living abroad or in the United States. A person who is not protected under U.S. law* and who is not incorporated to do business in the United States. An immigrant alien is a foreign national for purposes of foreign visits and assignments.
As used here, any physical, tangible item considered sensitive for export control purposes.
As used here, any non-tangible item (such as data or knowledge) that is considered sensitive for export control purposes.
Formal permission granted by the U.S. Department of Commerce and/or Department of State to export specific commodities, technology, or software to a particular destination and end user for a specified end use.
As used in the Export Control Regulations, this can mean a natural person as well as a corporation, business association, partnership, society, trust, or any other entity, organization or group, including governmental entities.
Publicly Available
Information that is published and that is generally accessible by the general public.
Red Flag
An irregularity or anomaly that provides warning or indication that something is amiss.
As used in the Commerce Department's Export Control Regulations: 1) When an item is exported from this country to another country and then that country transfers the item on to another country. 2) When a foreign-made item is imported to this country, export-controlled U.S. technology (parts, components, materials, etc.) is added to the item, and the item is then "re-exported" back to the country of origin or to another country.
Requester, Requestor
In the context of export control at LLNL, the Laboratory employee requesting license to export commodities, technology, or software to a foreign destination and end user.
Restricted Country
A country so designated on the "Sensitive Countries Information Logging System (SCILS)" List. Currently, there are five "restricted" countries: Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, and North Korea.
Entire set or elements of programs, procedures, and related documentation associated with a computer system.
In the context of export control, technical data, technical information, technical knowledge, or technical assistance.
This export license exception authorizes various temporary exports and re-exports of items temporarily in the United States as well as exports and re-exports of beta test software. Section 740.1 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
Uncontrolled Item
Item normally eligible for export license exception.
U.S. Person
An individual protected under U.S. law.** Also, as defined above, an organization that is incorporated to do business in the U.S. Specifically:
  • Any individual who is a citizen of the U.S., a permanent resident alien of the U.S., or protected individual as defined by the U.S. legal code,** which states: an alien who is lawfully admitted for permanent residence, is granted the status of an alien lawfully admitted for temporary residence..., but does not include (a) an alien who fails to apply for naturalization within six months of the date the alien becomes eligible (by virtue of period of lawful permanent residency) to apply for naturalization (b) an alien who has applied on a timely basis, but has not been naturalized as a citizen with two years after the date of the application, unless the alien can establish that the alien is actively pursuing naturalization.
  • Any juridical person (corporation) organized under the laws of the U.S. or any jurisdiction within the U.S., including foreign branches

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Last modified: March 11, 2006