In addition to controlling exports of specific commodities to specific individuals or geographical destinations, exports must be evaluated with regard to their end use and end user.
End-use and end-user export control policy requires the exporter to assume considerable responsibility for ensuring that an export is consistent with all U.S. export laws and regulations aimed at meeting this country's national security, economic, and foreign policy objectives. Even uncontrolled items (that is, items normally eligible for license exceptions) may require an export license when a particular transaction raises proliferation concerns. Exporters who ship normally uncontrolled items to destinations that violate end-use or end-user policy could lose their export privileges and be fined or criminally prosecuted.
Current end-use and end-user control policy also requires a license review for exports to specified destinations when there is reason to know, suspect, or believe that the exports will be used in the design, development, production, or use of missiles or in the design, development, production, stockpiling, or use of chemical or biological weapons. An export license is required when there is reason to know, suspect, or believe that the export will be used directly or indirectly in an export-controlled activity or when the exporter is informed that the export involves an identified risk of diversion to an existing or potential nuclear weapon program.
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Last modified: March 11, 2006